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BigLieCover1500Kids are not born with a moral code. They watch and adopt behaviors modeled for them by their caretakers. Until the ages of four or five children do not at all understand ethics and moral reasoning. Lying during those early years stems primarily from a need to defend and/or deflect possible disapproval or punishment. For example, an angry parental tone of voice asking “Did you break the toy?” will most commonly be responded to with “no!” regardless of the truth.

As they grow up, children gradually develop an understanding that enables them to distinguish between truth and falsehood. Yet the compliance with the rules during the years between five and ten is engendered most frequently by a desire for adult approval. Research does corroborate the above as it shows that children that are raised in homes that put an emphasis on truth, honesty and other behavioral values are less likely…

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